Nicknames for New Zealand have included Kiwiland, Maoriland, Aotearoa and Britain of the South Seas. [253] As of 2017[update], the United Nations International Telecommunication Union ranks New Zealand 13th in the development of information and communications infrastructure. English; Maori; New Zealand Sign Language 1 Official religion none Monetary unit New Zealand dollar (NZ$) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 1.520 New Zealand dollar Population (2019 est.) [296] New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99%,[150] and over half of the population aged 15 to 29 hold a tertiary qualification. [223] In recent decades, however, a "brain gain" has brought in educated professionals from Europe and less developed countries. It underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. [301] The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand and also influenced Māori culture,[302][303] particularly with the introduction of Christianity. Around 30 percent … [217] However, the global financial crisis that followed had a major impact on New Zealand, with the GDP shrinking for five consecutive quarters, the longest recession in over thirty years,[218][219] and unemployment rising back to 7% in late 2009. In 2015, 55% of Māori adults (aged 15 years and over) reported knowledge of. Its function is to bring research on the varieties of English spoken in New Zealand … [187] However, New Zealand conservationists have pioneered several methods to help threatened wildlife recover, including island sanctuaries, pest control, wildlife translocation, fostering and ecological restoration of islands and other protected areas. The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue. [275][276] In 2009–10, an annual target of 45,000–50,000 permanent residence approvals was set by the New Zealand Immigration Service—more than one new migrant for every 100 New Zealand residents. State-owned Transpower operates the high-voltage transmission grids in the North and South Islands, as well as the Inter-Island HVDC link connecting the two together. [347] The highest-grossing New Zealand films are Hunt for the Wilderpeople, Boy, The World's Fastest Indian, Whale Rider, Once Were Warriors and The Piano. Sign up to receive relevant job opportunities from New Zealand employers and practical advice on how to make your move to New Zealand a reality. [371], The national cuisine has been described as Pacific Rim, incorporating the native Māori cuisine and diverse culinary traditions introduced by settlers and immigrants from Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. [206] The first shipment of refrigerated meat on the Dunedin in 1882 led to the establishment of meat and dairy exports to Britain, a trade which provided the basis for strong economic growth in New Zealand. [272] There was also significant Dutch, Dalmatian,[273] German, and Italian immigration, together with indirect European immigration through Australia, North America, South America and South Africa. [241], The provision of water supply and sanitation is generally of good quality. Tokelau is classified as a non-self-governing territory but is administered by a council of three elders (one from each Tokelauan atoll). There are English language courses to suit all styles and levels of English. [133] The 249 municipalities[133] that existed in 1975 have now been consolidated into 67 territorial authorities and 11 regional councils. [222] Nearly one-quarter of highly skilled workers live overseas, mostly in Australia and Britain, which is the largest proportion from any developed nation. The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. [264] New Zealand's fertility rate of 2.1 is relatively high for a developed country, and natural births account for a significant proportion of population growth. [72] Elizabeth II is the queen of New Zealand[73] and thus the head of state. Māori became an official language in 1987 and New Zealand Sign Language in 2006. [79] Cabinet, formed by ministers and led by the prime minister, is the highest policy-making body in government and responsible for deciding significant government actions. [40] The resulting intertribal Musket Wars encompassed over 600 battles between 1801 and 1840, killing 30,000–40,000 Māori. [196] Many seabirds breed in New Zealand, a third of them unique to the country. [362][363] Other outdoor pursuits such as cycling, fishing, swimming, running, tramping, canoeing, hunting, snowsports, surfing and sailing are also popular. New Zealand English Edit. [71] The Cook Islands and Niue are self-governing states in free association with New Zealand. These islands are located to the southeast of Australia. [358] Horseracing was also a popular spectator sport and became part of the "Rugby, Racing and Beer" culture during the 1960s. New Zealand ranks 21st in the OECD for its gross R&D spending as a percentage of GDP. IELTS is a high stakes English test for anyone looking to live, work or study in New Zealand. If this is so, NZE is similar to AusE, in which these categories are generally established, but other phoneticians regard the matter as unproved. New Zealand. The majority of New Zealanders have a sound knowledge of English. [312], New Zealand's national symbols are influenced by natural, historical, and Māori sources. The silver fern is an emblem appearing on army insignia and sporting team uniforms. English has been used in New Zealand for over 200 years, from the first visit of Captain James Cook and his English-speaking crew in 1769. If you have written a book in New Zealand English and this all sounds too overwhelming, I can help. Which is why I’m going to teach you some common New Zealand phrases and lingo! Please don’t include any personal or financial information. New Zealand synonyms, New Zealand pronunciation, New Zealand translation, English dictionary definition of New Zealand. [57] The Liberal Government, led by Richard Seddon for most of its period in office,[58] passed many important social and economic measures. It is made up of two large islands (the North Island and the South Island) and many smaller islands. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°S 173°E / 42°S 173°E / -42; 173. [168][169] Of the seven largest cities, Christchurch is the driest, receiving on average only 640 millimetres (25 in) of rain per year and Wellington the wettest, receiving almost twice that amount. English-born New Zealand geologist Nick Mortimer (in German) commented that "if it wasn't for the ocean, it would have been recognized as such long ago". Others are endangered or have had their range severely reduced. [226], New Zealand is heavily dependent on international trade,[227] particularly in agricultural products. [311] However, rural imagery and themes are common in New Zealand's art, literature and media. It is a sovereign state in the south-western part of the Pacific Ocean. [284] It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation,[285] being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987,[286] and is spoken by 4.0% of the population. The state-owned enterprise KiwiRail now operates the railways, with the exception of commuter services in Auckland and Wellington, which are operated by Transdev[246] and Metlink,[247] respectively. Find out how you can meet the requirements. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui) and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands, covering a total area of 268,021 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). [314] Most Māori carvings feature human figures, generally with three fingers and either a natural-looking, detailed head or a grotesque head. The English language as used in New Zealand, a country of the Southern Pacific and a member of the COMMONWEALTH. Following colonisation, immigrants were predominantly from Britain, Ireland and Australia because of restrictive policies similar to the White Australia policy. This makes it easy to remember. New Zealand English Journal . [360] New Zealand is known for its extreme sports, adventure tourism[361] and strong mountaineering tradition, as seen in the success of notable New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary. On 3 September 1939, New Zealand allied itself with Britain and declared war on Germany with Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage proclaiming, "Where she goes, we go; where she stands, we stand. [318] Māori tattoos (moko) consisting of coloured soot mixed with gum were cut into the flesh with a bone chisel. [44] The British Government appointed James Busby as British Resident to New Zealand in 1832 following a petition from northern Māori. New Zealand participated at the Summer Olympics in 1908 and 1912 as a joint team with Australia, before first participating on its own in 1920. The word Pākehā today is increasingly used to refer to all non-Polynesian New Zealanders. [198], Since human arrival, almost half of the country's vertebrate species have become extinct, including at least fifty-one birds, three frogs, three lizards, one freshwater fish, and one bat. People born on or before 31 December 2005 acquired citizenship at birth (. New Zealand is over 1.600 kilometres long, and its widest part is 450 kilometres. [356] Golf, netball, tennis and cricket have the highest rates of adult participation, while netball, rugby union and football (soccer) are particularly popular among young people. [234] In contrast, dairy farming increased, with the number of dairy cows doubling between 1990 and 2007,[235] to become New Zealand's largest export earner. [156] The highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone has formed a large volcanic plateau, punctuated by the North Island's highest mountain, Mount Ruapehu (2,797 metres (9,177 ft)). Most international visitors arrive via air,[249] and New Zealand has six international airports, but currently[update] only the Auckland and Christchurch airports connect directly with countries other than Australia or Fiji. [32] Over the centuries that followed, the Polynesian settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. All English New Zealand member schools teach to a high quality and offer different programmes, experiences and accommodation. [77] The powers of the monarch and the governor-general are limited by constitutional constraints, and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of ministers. [239][240], In 2015, renewable energy generated 40.1% of New Zealand's gross energy supply. The two official spoken languages, English and Māori, are also the most widely used; English is spoken by 98% of the population and Māori by 4.1%. [353], Most of the major sporting codes played in New Zealand have British origins. 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