The amalgamation of the colony of Lagos with the protectorate of Southern Nigeria to form a single entity known as the colony and protectorate of Southern Nigeria in 1906. ...ensuring grievances and complaints from staff and students in NOUN are treated timely and effectively. Obligation is the performance of civil and political rights which directly or indirectly contributes to the success of the government. iii. The well-known ethnic groups in Nigeria include Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, Kanuri, Efik, Ibibio, Tiv, Izon (Ijaw) Edo,  among others. We also acknowledge the use of other free media resources accessed from the internet. Students should know that cheating in examinations may be a disgrace to parents, friends, relations and even the person who is involved in the acts. (see Fig. The title holders. The National Policy on Education makes it mandatory that language of immediate environment or community should be the medium of communication in early childhood education. In this unit you have studied how the British colony introduced indirect rule in Nigeria to administer and supervise its newly acquired territory. Having studied this unit on Nigerian economy pre- and post – independence, how viable was the system before and after independence? R.C.C. 1.3 and 1.4), Fig. The historical development of constitutions and constitutionalism in Nigeria can be traced to the establishment of colonial rule in the 1860s. The Hausa are predominantly found in the north-western part of Nigeria. Though most Nigerians engage in agriculture or agriculture- related activities, economists say there are at least eighteen activity sectors of the Nigerian economy. However, constitutional government in the formal sense began with the institution of the Nigerian Council by Lord Lugard after the amalgamation of the Southern and Northern Protectorates in 1914. Since the 1970s desert encroachment and desertification have become a serious environmental problem to the northernmost states. Your answers may include the following factors: Your possible answers may include the following: iii. 3.2:           Map of Nigeria showing various Linguistic groups and their location. However, some ethnic groups have been paying allegiance to the Caliph who has spiritual and political control of the greater part of the zone. SAQ 4.3 (tests Learning Outcomes 4.1 and 4.3). 44, 6.9       Self -Assessment Questions for Unit 5. We start by introducing Nigeria to you. ), Environmental issues and management in Nigerian development (pp. (Fig. In part, due to the common features shared by most groups, this discussion would highlight the history and political structure of these groups before the 19th Century. 3.6), Fig. The people of Itsekiri claimed to have descended from Umale-Okun (the sea god) some of the Itsekiris claim to have descended from Ode, a Yoruba town in Ijebu Water-side. Also, the over-dependence on oil and other imported inputs are serious problems in the Nigerian economy. Samuel Johnson on his part adapted this account but replaced the Meccan origin with Egyptian Coptic Christians. If you do not find your course material in the Courseware, please be patient as the materials are being converted and continually added. course Currently, population estimates put Nigeria’s figure at 167 million (2012). At the core is what is called the inner council (Ama Ala) which consists of lineage heads, title holders, and other elders on the basis of their personal qualities. Nigeria is an economically powerful nation. It became a cultural and political model for other Yoruba communities which began to replicate the Ife model in their domains. 3.2), Fig. ( Log Out /  Eastern Zone              –           Science metallurgy, Iron smelting and bronze melting. ITA      From all reasons given as you read, Nigeria was amalgamated to serve British interest, however it has advantages for the people of Nigeria. Noun Course Material For Gst 203 Download NOUN TMA Solution GST 201 Nigeria People and. Before downloading any of the ecourseware and read the course materials , your device needs to have an Adobe Acrobat reader installed. The amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates gave birth to Nigeria in 1914. To them (the Nupe) in the Sixteenth Century, a hero, an Idah prince, known as Tsoede re-established Nupe independence with himself as the Etsu Nupe (King of Nupeland). As far as Nigeria is concerned, it is very difficult, if not impossible, to claim that she is economically self-reliant. Fig. The Nuclear family ii. The socio-political organisation of the Itsekiri was closely related to the Bini people. Lyttleton Constitution 1954. define and use correctly all of the key words printed in bold; outline the Nigerian economic system before and after independence; evaluate the economic activity in Nigeria, and, Slow growth of the industrial sector with capacity utilization averaging about 3%. The socio-political organization of the Kanem-Borno people was based on kingship. Nkwam, S. (2001), Culture and Resource Management, Lagos: Freeman, Oga, S.A. ed. The judicial and fiscal systems were similarly influenced by Islam. Some of the visibly negative impacts included the following: ITQ  Based on your reading of this section, what was the reaction to colonialism in Northern Nigeria? In the year 1970, for instance, Nigeria was self-sufficient in food production and the economy was somehow balanced. The Nigerian ethnic groups have been shaped by their geographical environment with a population of over 167 million (National Population Commission August, 2012)  and more than 500 ethnic groups. Fig. . Some of these penalties are: ITQ Based on your study of this unit, what are the specific government policies aimed at strengthening the citizenship education in Nigeria? 3.1), Fig. Ukije, E (1973), Culture in the Nigerian Economy, Lagos. Fig. Some of these include: Pollution: Pollution is the end result of the unfavourable exploitation of the environment by man. Unplanned urbanization leads to environmental abuses, which in a large scale deface the environment causing environmental problems. Political thuggery and gangsterism are becoming a fashion in Nigerian politics. For Mobile users: click and hold on the file you wish to download then you’ll see a menu pop up, click download link. Therefore, in guaranteeing these rights by the state, a person is expected to perform certain duties and obligations to the state. However, from 1980 to the present, GNP per capita dropped., ENT 209: BANK LENDING AND ADMINISTRATION I, MGS207: INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS. The Nupe call him “Soko”. Carrying over the paper in which the candidate cheated. Population Explosion: The geometric increase in population around the world is a major cause of environmental problems. For the purpose of administration, the town is divided into wards under the leadership of ward chiefs called (Ijoye, Adugbo or Olori Itun). Nigerian Peoples and Culture, Benin: Mindex Publishing Company. There is no doubt that there is a moral bankruptcy in Nigeria as a result of cultural imperialism manifesting in wearing dresses that do not belong to Nigerian culture. 1.3:           Map showing the Hausa city-states, Fig. The credit for the amalgamation and emergence of Nigeria in its present form goes to the British. ITQ      From your study of this section whose interest is amalgamation serving? ITQ As you have studied this section you might have been conversant with the cultures of western Zone. In this unit we will be concentrating on notable ethnic groups in southern Nigeria which includes Yoruba, Igbo, Bini, Itsekiri and Ijaw (Izon). This meant that the company was the government of Northern Nigeria at this period. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press. Hence Egypt seems to be the origin of Nupe people in this regard. Any member of the council of chiefs could in turn be deposed by the king. Igbo  –  Segmentary iii. The Yoruba are found in southwestern Nigeria, mainly in Ekiti, Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo States. In this Module we outline for you the various ethnic groups of pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial Nigeria. 12, 3.0       UNIT 2:  NOTABLE ETHNIC GROUPS IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA.. 13, 3.2       Learning Outcomes for Unit 2. Bribery and corruption are workers and students’ enemies. You need to know that birth, marriage and burial are considered the three most important family events. Lewis, M. P., Gary, F. S. and Fennins, C. D. eds (2013) Ethnologue: Languages of the World 17th Ed, Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics Online Version. National Open University of Nigeria NOUN GST 201 Nigerian Peoples and Culture E-Exams Quiz. Pacheco Pereira identified them in 1500 as the Lucumi while early missionary accounts of the 19th Century referred to them as the Aku. The Hausa are found in the North Western part of Nigeria. 65. He alone presided over a council known as Ojoye which was made up of seven nobles or title holders. 6.1). 53, 8.3       Rights, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen. Now that you have adequately read this unit and have acquired the knowledge of the origins of notable ethnic groups in southern Nigeria, differentiate between the origins of the Yoruba and Igbo. ITA: You might have recalled the” So” version and the Saif bin Dhi Yazan version of the Kanuri origins. They are mostly identified as Western Delta Ijaw (Gbaramatu, Mein, Iduwini, Arogbo, Egbema (Bassan), Apoi Ijaw); the Central Delta Ijaw (Apoi, Furupagha, Olodiama Ijaw); and the Eastern Delta Ijaw (Bonny, Elem Kalabari, Nembe (Brass), Okrika). 5.1 Map showing the amalgamation of Nigeria. This zone is the principal habitat of Nigeria’s ethnic groups referred to as the Mennonites. In the pre-colonial period, the Fulani, under Shehu Usman Danfodiyo’s leadership, were able to revive Islam in most parts of the Hausaland. Consequently, the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) was introduced. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. It is on record that Daura was the mother of Cannanite named Najb. You can filter by Faculty, Level and Semester. The Goal here is to make available 5000 NOUN Exam Past Questions for FREE Downloads. In the National Question and Economic Development in Nigeria: Proceedings of the NES Annual Conference, Ibadan, 1993. Nevertheless as it is in the two zones, there is a general belief in the existence of the Supreme God as well. Although, the  index of Nigerian languages 1993 identified 452 languages, the Ethnologue identified 529 languages (2013). ITQ:     In the course of your study of the above section you might have come across the origin of Itsekiri people, can you mention these origins? Trace the four notable constitutional developments in Nigeria. Akinjogbin, I. Your answer may certainly reflect the following. For instance, the Mai (king) was the highest authority in the political structure of the empire. From what you have learnt, the Hausa are reputable long-distance traders and great cultivators. SAQ 1.2 (tests Learning Outcome 1.1 and 1.3). A constitution is a document which clearly defines how a state should be governed. Identify at least three of these independent states. those they assisted during the 2003 elections. The other families within Niger-Congo are: West Atlantic (Fulbe), Mande (Busa and Shanga), and Gur (Baatonun). Fig. Ekpeyong, E. (n.d.) Environmental Awareness As A Panacea For Sustainable environmental management in Africa. When a privilege is contained in the constitution of a country, it is known as a civil right. In the previous discussion, the interest of colonial rule was stated bearing in mind the invasion and occupation of Nigeria. The basic political unit in this zone is the village especially when it is fairly large in a confederation and the whole of the culture group is something of merely a cultural unit. But the relegation of agriculture to the second rank to the benefit of the so-called oil boom has put Nigerian economy in a very precarious situation. Regarding their religion, the Nupe people are highly Islamized group found in the Niger valley above its confluence with the Benue. You can filter for the course material you want by Faculty, Semester and Level. In this unit you learnt the historical developments of constitutions and constitutionalism in Nigeria. Besides the Etsu Nupe there was a class of powerful gentlemen called nobility. Oduduwa complied by sending Oranmiyan. It is also on record that some women are far richer than their husbands. Building of waste and dump sites in strategic places, iii. These, among others, included the Borno Empire, the Hausa States, and the Sokoto Caliphate, in the North and in the South the Igbo segmentary societies, Benin Kingdom and the Oyo Empire. They wanted the ports, water-ways, roads, railways and airspace for transportation and communication. If the head of government in Hausa culture is called Sarkin Kasa, what is he called in Kanuri and Nupe cultures? This account was later appropriated by new Oyo palace historians who expanded it to identify Nimrod as Lamurudu whom they now referred to as the father of Oduduwa, the acclaimed progenitor of the Yoruba. Enumerate the negatives attitudes of a Nigerian Youth. Benin Kingdom was founded by the youngest child of Osunubua. On his arrival Iginuwa met with some Ijaw who took him along with his followers and consolidated his power as a leader of the new land. A Good Works: The Nation Builder, Lagos: Citizens Bureau. Welcome to the National Open University of Nigeria's e-Courseware. Like many Nigerian ethnic groups, the Nupe people have different versions of origin. For example, in Nigeria any woman who is married to a Nigerian, those born outside Nigeria but whose grandparents are Nigerians and any person born outside Nigeria but whose parents are Nigerians can apply for citizenship through registration. In antiquity this zone is known for its petty chiefdoms or village lineage–based democracies. Constitutionalism promotes respect for the operations of the rule of law. The e-Courseware is a repository of available digital course material of the National Open University that will help you in your course of studies. 3.3:           Language families in Africa. In his writing, Infaq al Maisuri, Bello in his version in 1812 stated that the Yoruba derived from Nimrod, a descendant of the cursed Ham who fled Mecca while resisting Islam. By 1900 the British government took over administration of the territory from the Royal Niger Company and appointed Frederick (later Lord Lugard) as High Commissioner. Mention all the languages in each classification you read. The. The, The Fulbe seem to have no political organisation before 19. 58, 9.0 UNIT 8: NIGERIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS. These problems are: ITQ  Nigerian economy is said to be powerful, yet there is high rate of unemployment and slow growth of the industrial sector. His subordinate chiefs administered the quarters, villages, the towns and other domains on his behalf. Edo/Delta, Rivers, Imo/Abia and Cross River/Akwa-Ibom States share the lion’s part of petroleum products. Western Zone             –           Iron smelting, Bronze work and manufacturing of  glass beads. Also it is a fact that Hausa is the largest cultural group in Nigeria. But Oranmiyan did not stay for long. Another myth of the Yoruba origin alleged that Oduduwa descended from heaven sent by God to create the earth. ITA The following may be your possible answers: Fishing, cultivation of root crops and weaving of cloths. The constitution should provide the respect for the operation of the state. The consequence is that almost all the non-oil sectors of the economy have become stagnant. There are some states that have more than ten different ethnic groups speaking different languages. They all have recognized roles to play within the Igbo political set up. Home/MATERIALS/ Download NOUN Course Material For School Of Science And Technology 300 Level 1st/2nd Semester. This is the result of rising level of population of the country. Your answers may definitely be as follows: Your possible answers to this question may be centred around the following: The following may be your possible answers: i.       the atmosphere. As devout Muslims, they were very instrumental in assisting Shehu Usman Danfodiyo in the execution of the popular Sokoto Jihad which helped in the socio-political as well as the religious changes of Northern Nigeria in the course of the nineteenth century. Kingship rotates among several royal houses, hence, the son of a reigning king cannot succeed his father. It was this colonial creation that became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Nigeria. On the contrary, a nation is said to be economically self-reliant when there are: heavy reliance on domestic resources for the production of required goods and services; reduced dependence on outsiders for the supply of required goods and services; active use of international trade policy instrument for controlling imports and domestic prices that are relatively higher than they would otherwise have been in the absence of development strategies of self-reliance. This is another notable culture in Nigeria. University Village The Richard Constitution gave birth to the idea of regionalism, which enabled the different regions: East, West and North to develop at their own pace. The Oba now appointed and backed by the British were expected to serve them. It is a person that belongs to and gives his loyalty to a particular country and expects security and protection from the country. Alagoa (1972). And the biosphere is the zone of the earth’s planet that contains living organisms. He was also the chief executive and judge of the state. The environment is an important element in the preservation of life on earth. Water and Land pollution. Nigerians must therefore try to avoid bribery and corruption. Poverty attracts environmental problems. ITQ   You have studied linguistic classification of Nigerian peoples, mention the four language groupings? 1.9), Fig. They are Afro-Asiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan. It is also easier in the Nigeria’s grassland to raise cattle and obtain other dairy products. NOUN COURSE OUTLINE FOR B.SC ACCOUNTING Want to do your COURSE/EXAM registration? In Nigeria, the Yoruba constitute a homogenous socio-linguistic and cultural group. Edegi is considered by some Nupe people as the founder of their state; and according to Nupe tradition Edegi might have arrived in the early Sixteenth Century from Idah. Citizenship Education in Modern Nigeria, Enugu: Barlo publishers. There is a general belief in the existence of the Supreme God who is called different names e.g. 1.2 below), a refugee prince from Baghdad. His full title was Sarkin Kasa, meaning: ‘ruler of the land’ (Fig. They also tended to be literate in Arabic, resulting from the influence of Islam and the Sokoto Jihad. This page is created, so as to help get all NOUN students informed, who would love to freely download the NOUN course materials for study Noun pdf course materials. 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