If the Deuterocanonical books are part of the Bible, then as Calvin notes you can prove purgatory from the bible. ...my own familiar friend should frankly accept from a Christian and a friend what he has taken great pains to obtain from the Jews and has written down for him at great cost. Finally, in 1546, the Council of Trent reaffirmed the traditional list of the Catholic Church. This was because no Hebrew version of these texts could be found, even though they were present in … And yet... after the end of the English civil war, with the Restoration of the Monarchy to Charles II of England (1660â1685), the Church of England was once again governed by the Thirty-Nine Articles, and thus emphatically maintained that the Deuterocanon is part of the Bible and is to be read with respect by her members (but not used to establish any doctrine). Judaism holds all the books of the New Testament - as well as the deuterocanonicals and anything else found in the Greek translation of the Law and Prophets (the Septuagint) - as apocrypha. I understand the choice was made by Luther, who called the deuterocanonical books, Apocrypha, that are books which are not considered equal to the Holy Scriptures, but are useful and good to read. Were those 7 books removed by the Protestants, or added by the Catholics? [Note: Above references taken from this article], 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa. The deuterocanonical books (from the Greek meaning "belonging to the second canon") are books and passages considered by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Assyrian Church of the East to be canonical books of the Old Testament but which are considered non-canonical by Protestant denominations. First, he obtained the Hebrew scriptures from the Jews of his day (late fourth century) at great cost. What was the reason why these books were taken out according to your external environment (Sunday school and your […] I am not one of those, however, who would entirely disapprove the reading of those books... Martin Luther had a similar problem. In addition, the Articles first say "Of the Name and Number of the Canonical Books" regarding the OT, and "the Other books" regarding the Deuterocanon. He also put the letter of James, the letter to the Hebrews, the letters of John, and the book of Revelation from the New Testament in an appendix. He reasoned that the Jewish copy must be the more accurate of the two, as the Jewish copy was written in Hebrew just like the original Old Testament, while the Septuagint was a translation - and in translating, errors can crop up. The books were removed when England became committed to putting on the “Catholics are idol worshipppers” show in order to ally with the Islamic Ottoman Empire against the rest of Christian Europe. Honest Question for Protestants v. 2: Why were the Deuterocanonical books removed from Protestant canon? First, the New Testament authors frequently quoted from the Septuagint (against the Masoretic). The phrase which you reference, "the Church doth read for example of life and instruction of manners; but yet it doth not apply them to establish any doctrine", exclude them from being counted as the Word of God. As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. But finally, in 1546, the Council of Trent, largely in response to the way Martin Luther had separated out these apocryphal books and placed them between the testaments in his German translation of Bible, decreed that they were as fully canonical as the others. The writing of Scripture continued until the first century A.D., when Revelation was complete. During the Reformation, the fathers of Protestantism followed Jerome's teaching on the Deuterocanonical books. These include 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, and Wisdom, and additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. 50 Days With The Holy Spirit (My Greatest Friend), Three Day Miracle Prayer To The Blessed Virgin Mary, A Comprehensive List of All the Mortal Sins You Must Know and Avoid as a True Catholic, Our Lady's Promises To Saints On Those Who Honour Her 7 Sorrows Daily. Yes, England sold out Christ for considerably more than 30 pieces of silver. Our Lord and Savior himself whenever he refers to the Scriptures, takes his quotations from the Hebrew; as in the instance of the words "He that believes in me, as the Scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water," and in the words used on the cross itself, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani," which is by interpretation "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" The Bible is actually two compilations put together at separate times. Since the Septuagint included those books and the Septuagint was popular among the Apostles, it follows that these books should be on equal footing — whether the Hebrew copies existed or not. 'hidden') denotes the collection of apocryphal ancient books thought to have been written some time between 200 BC and 400 AD. The New Testament is the addition Still, the early reformers kept these books in the bible, but Sola Scriptura adherents confusion about their status led to the Westminster Confession of Faith in 1647 that fully removed them. The canon of Scripture is the list of 73 books that belong to the Bible. The books found in the Apocrypha were primarily written during the four-hundred-year period between the completion of the Old Testament writings and the beginning of … In this comparison, Jerome found numerous differences. It wasn't the Reformation that rejected the Deuterocanon. The early Church did not require all Scripture to be written in Hebrew, and the New Testament books were written in Greek. Catholics refer to them as the "deuterocanonical" books (since they were disputed by a few early authors and their canonicity was established later than the rest), while the rest are known as the "protocanonical" books (since their Hiiii everyone!! In fact, the Jewish people rejected and destroyed the He did so mostly because the books contradicted his personal view of faith. They are mostly included in the Catholic Old Testament, but not in the Protestant one. Later Lutherans followed Luther’s Old Testament list and rejected the Deuterocanonical books, but they did not follow his rejection of the New Testament books. Of their admitting all the Books promiscuously into the Canon, I say nothing more than it is done against the consent of the primitive Church. Why is that? This Confession is the time when Protestants finally formalize their rejection of the Deuterocanon, and just completely exclude it from the Bible. More info on this in this article. I admit my knowledge is limited on the Church of England and Anglicans, so any resources you could point me at to better understand are appreciated, and I'll edit my answer to account for. But the seven deuterocanonical books were added at the Council of Trent (1546) in order to justify Catholic doctrinal inventions. I do not say this in order to aim a blow at the seventy translators; but I assert that the Apostles of Christ have an authority superior to theirs. Open this link NOW. I am not, however, unaware that the same view on which the Fathers of Trent now insist was held in the Council of Carthage. For the books that were problematic to his doctrines, Luther wrote off their importance - his Apocrypha in the Old Testament and his Antilegomena in the New Testament. Acts of the Council of Trent with the Antidote, Preface to the Epistles of St. James and St. Jude, Note: Above references taken from this article, The original Hebrew for those texts could no longer be found*. Add to this, that they provide themselves with new supports when they give full authority to the Apocryphal books. Basically because their content didn’t present Christianity, or aspects of it, in the way that the then leader of the Christian religion wanted it portrayed. Up to this point we have had to do with the true and certain chief books of the New Testament. Their omission in Protestant Bibles leaves a chronological gap in salvation history. The short answer is this: When Luther was cornered in a debate over Purgatory, his opponent, Johann Eck, cited 2 Maccabees against Luther’s position. They included them in the book, yes, and the Book of Common Prayer contained readings of the Apocrypha. Second, the Dead Sea scrolls showed us that the Septuagint was a good translation of the Pre-Septuagint, a different Hebrew text tradition that pre-dated Jesus, rather than a bad translation of the Proto-Masoretic text as Jerome thought. Around 1571 AD, the Protestant Church of England's Thirty-Nine Articles was published which clearly noted the Deuterocanon as part of the scriptures that "the Church doth read for example of life and instruction of manners; but yet it doth not apply them to establish any doctrine". What was he to do with the Deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament, which make explicit doctrines like Purgatory? Apocrypha (Deuterocanon) introduction, Lutherâs Bible, These books are not held equal to the Scriptures, but are useful and good to read, Similar to his Apocrypha, he was skeptical of Hebrews, James, Jude and Revelation, and stuck them at the end of his New Testament, saying "Up to this point we have had to do with the true and certain chief books of the New Testament. Seven books of the Bible, all in the Old Testament, are accepted by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox, but are not accepted by Jews or Protestants. Protestants often accuse Catholics of ADDING books to the Bible. 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